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Jalan PJS 11/28b, Bandar Sunway,

46150 Petaling Jaya,

Selangor, Malaysia

+6012-372 3206

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©2019 by Andrea Bariatric Surgery.

BARIATRIC SURGERY

Recent evidence has shown that individuals affected by obesity are resistant to maintaining weight loss achieved by conventional therapies, such as consuming fewer calories, increasing exercise and commercial weight-loss programs. Bariatric (weight-loss) surgery has been recognised as the most effective treatment to combat severe obesity and maintain weight loss in the long term.  Most studies demonstrate that more than 90 percent of individuals previously affected by severe obesity are successful in maintaining 50 percent or more of their excess weight loss following bariatric surgery.

When combined with a comprehensive treatment plan, bariatric surgery acts as an effective tool to provide you with long term weight-loss and help you increase your quality of health. Bariatric surgery has been shown to help improve or resolve many obesity-related conditions, such as type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, heart disease, and more. Bariatric surgery typically will lead to 40-80% of excess weight loss, depending on the specific type of procedure.

 

Bariatric surgery is almost always done laparoscopically, which is a minimally invasive approach. This involves creating 4-6 keyhole like incisions through which the surgical instruments and camera are inserted to perform the surgery. Benefits of minimally invasive approach are much lesser pain, shorter hospital stay, faster recovery and good cosmetic appearances of the surgical scar.

Laparoscopic bariatric surgery typically involves 2-3 days of hospital stay.

 

The Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass or often called gastric bypass is another bariatric procedure. There are two components to the procedure. First, a small stomach pouch, approximately one ounce or 30 milliliters in volume, is created by dividing the top of the stomach from the rest of the stomach. Next, the first portion of the small intestine is divided, and the bottom end of the divided small intestine is brought up and connected to the newly created small stomach pouch. The procedure is completed by connecting the top portion of the divided small intestine to the small intestine further down so that the stomach acids and digestive enzymes from the bypassed stomach and first portion of small intestine will eventually mix with the food.

The newly created stomach pouch is considerably smaller and facilitates significantly smaller meals, which translates into less calories consumed. Additionally the segment of small intestine that would normally absorb calories as well as nutrients no longer has food going through it.

Health benefits

  • Produces significant long-term weight loss (60 to 80 percent excess weight loss)

  • Produces favorable changes in gut hormones that reduce appetite and enhance satiety

  • Resolve type 2 diabetes in 83.8% of patients and often within days after the surgery

  • Resolve high blood pressure in 75.4% of patients

  • Improve high cholesterol issues in 95% of patients

Sleeve Gastrectomy

The gastric sleeve procedure alters the size of your stomach by removing about 75% of the lower portion of the stomach, creating a thin, vertical sleeve – about the size and shape of a small banana.

The new stomach tube holds a considerably smaller volume than the normal stomach and helps to significantly reduce the amount of food (and thus calories) that can be consumed. The greater impact, however, seems to be the effect the surgery has on gut hormones that impact a number of factors including hunger, satiety, and blood sugar control.

Health benefits

  • Induces rapid and significant weight loss that comparative studies find similar to that of gastric bypass.

  • Requires no bypass or re-routing of the food stream

  • Involves a relatively short hospital stay of approximately 2 days

  • Causes favorable changes in gut hormones that suppress hunger, reduce appetite and improve satiety

Mini Sleeve Gastrectomy

Mini Sleeve gastrectomy is a modified version of the standard sleeve gastrectomy and is suitable for a person with a lower BMI range. It involves removal of the stomach fundus (fundectomy) and plication of the lower part of the stomach.

 

The end result of the mini sleeve procedure is similar to sleeve gastrectomy, where patients will end up with a smaller size of stomach and reduced hunger.  

The advantage of mini sleeve is it can induced a similar weight loss benefits but with a much lower complication rate, as only the fundus part of the stomach is removed.

Health benefits

  • Reduces the amount of food the stomach can hold

  • Reduces Hunger

  • Involves only cutting of the stomach fundus

Gastric Plication

Gastric plication involves folding and suturing of the stomach, to make the food holding capacity of the stomach lower. Thus, this procedure is beneficial for those with a lower BMI range but needs help with portion control.  

This procedure can induce a modest weight loss. No part of the stomach is cut and this procedure is reversible. 

Health benefits

  • Reduces the amount of food the stomach can hold

  • Helps with portion control

  • No stomach cutting involved

  • Modest weight loss

  • Reversible